Expert Statements

Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting is widely recognized as a human rights violation, a form of violence against women, as well as a form of gender-based violence.

Girls, women, men, and boys seeking asylum due to fear of persecution on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)-related grounds can qualify for refugee status under the 1951 Refugee Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. In addition, asylum claims can also be based on the principle of non-refoulement included in Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), preventing persons from being returned to a place where they would face a risk of being subjected to torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Western countries have been confronted with an increasing number of applicants seeking asylum from FGM/C-practising countries of origin.

I often serve as an expert witness and write expert statements for lawyers representing those making asylum claims based on FGM/C, including for parents on behalf of their daughters, and by girls and adult women on their own behalf. In the past years I have written expert statements for law firms in the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom and the United States. Women and girls who sought asylum originated from many different countries in Africa.

Summer School on ‘the Immigrant Child’ at Leiden University

From the 18th until the 29th of June 2018, a Summer School entitled ‘The Immigrant Child: Challenges and opportunities in international migration for children’ was organized by Dr. Mark Klaassen and Prof. Peter Rodrigues of the Institute of Immigration Law at Leiden University. I had the honor to give a guest...

Case note UN Child Rights Committee published

In May 2018, my case note was published in Jurisprudentie Vreemdelingenrecht, a Dutch journal that publishes on asylum and refugee law. A couple of weeks ago, I received an invitation of Mr. G.E.W. Westendorp of the Foundation Migration Law Netherlands (Stichting Migratierecht Nederland) to write a case note on the recent...

Publication in the International Journal of Refugee Law

In November 2016, our article entitled ‘Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting as a Ground for Asylum in Europe’ was published in in Volume 28, No. 3 of the International Journal of Refugee Law (IJRL). Although I am currently working as an individual consultant, I still find it important to publish in academic journals. About the...

Annemarie very knowledgeable, but she is also a hardworking and a solution-oriented colleague.
Dr. Marta Bo Researcher
T.M.C. Asser Institute